BOOK SUMMARY ๐Ÿ“–: The Coddling of the American Mind

In September of 2015, an article written by Jonathan Haidt and Greg Lukianoff was published in The Atlantic titled โ€œThe Coddling of the American Mind.โ€ ๐Ÿ“ฐ

At first glance, the title of this article could easily be mistaken for a right-wing polemic on โ€œthe snowflake generationโ€ and โ€œsocial justice warriorsโ€. ๐Ÿคฌ

But itโ€™s far from it! In fact, the authors themselves are openly left-leaning in their political views! ๐Ÿ’ฏ

It was the insistence of their publisher asking for a more provocative title than the one they proposed that โ€œCoddlingโ€ was born. (https://bit.ly/30URyJt) ๐Ÿ˜…

Initially, the article was written to discuss various instances happening on college campuses where students were protesting words, ideas, and subjects they deemed offensive. โœŠ

๐Ÿ“Œ Guest speakers who were coming to campus were being disrupted and shouted down.

๐Ÿ“Œ Ideas like โ€œmicroaggressionsโ€, โ€œtrigger warningsโ€, and โ€œsafe spacesโ€ were being introduced and implemented by college administrators.

๐Ÿ“Œ Words were starting to be equated by some college students as โ€œviolenceโ€.

๐Ÿ“Œ Colleges were catering to studentโ€™s demands with little critical discussion.

The point of Haidt and Lukianoffโ€™s article was to illuminate the problems and to try and understand why they were occurring. ๐Ÿ™Œ

Haidt and Lukianoff could understand the measures being taken by colleges, measures such as Microaggression Training, were being done with good intentions. ๐Ÿ‘

But coming from his work as a social psychologist, Haidt saw these measures as being ๐œ๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฉ๐ซ๐จ๐๐ฎ๐œ๐ญ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž ๐ญ๐จ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐›๐š๐ฌ๐ข๐œ ๐ญ๐ž๐ง๐ž๐ญ๐ฌ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ฆ๐จ๐๐ž๐ซ๐ง ๐๐ฌ๐ฒ๐œ๐ก๐จ๐ฅ๐จ๐ ๐ฒ.

โš ๏ธ The idea of โ€œmicroaggressionsโ€ go against the very idea of not making the worst possible assumptions of other peoples’ intentions (a cognitive distortion known as โ€œmind readingโ€).

โš ๏ธ The idea of โ€œtrigger warningsโ€ and โ€œsafe spacesโ€ go against the very methods used in Exposure Therapy to combat phobias and feelings of anxiety.

โš ๏ธ The idea of continuously giving into angry studentโ€™s demands reinforces the likelihood they will use the same angry methods for demands in the future.

With the publication of the article, the reception was…controversial! ๐Ÿ˜…

Many readers, including college faculty and students, sent in responses confirming Haidt and Lukianoffโ€™s concerns. ๐Ÿ‘

Both faculty members and college students expressed fears of being unable to share their different viewpoints outside the status quo of their peers, less they not be reported to college administrators. ๐Ÿ”ฑ

Haidt and Lukianoff learned that some colleges had implemented a “Bias Reporting System”, where students could anonymously report anyone (including faculty) for sharing views they perceived to be discriminatory. ๐Ÿšจ

๐“๐ก๐ข๐ฌ ๐ข๐ง ๐š๐ง๐ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ข๐ญ๐ฌ๐ž๐ฅ๐Ÿ ๐๐ข๐ฌ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐ฏ๐ข๐ณ๐ž๐ฌ ๐ฉ๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž ๐ญ๐จ ๐ฌ๐ญ๐จ๐ฉ ๐ฌ๐ก๐š๐ซ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐๐ข๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ž๐ซ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐จ๐ฉ๐ข๐ง๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ ๐จ๐ฎ๐ญ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿ๐ž๐š๐ซ ๐ฌ๐จ๐ฆ๐ž๐จ๐ง๐ž ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ ๐จ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ญ๐จ ๐ฆ๐ข๐ฌ๐ข๐ง๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฉ๐ซ๐ž๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ข๐ซ ๐ฐ๐จ๐ซ๐๐ฌ ๐จ๐ซ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฉ๐จ๐ซ๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ฆ. ๐Ÿšจ

That said, there were also criticisms to Haidt and Lukianoff’s article as well. ๐Ÿ‘ˆ

The primary criticism was that the authors were using only a few isolated incidents to justify their national concerns. In other words, they were inciting a moral panic over a minor problem. ๐Ÿ˜…

๐๐”๐“ ๐“๐‡๐„๐…

Only a month after the articleโ€™s publication did another college incident happen. And then another. And then another. And then another. ๐Ÿšจ

One of the most infamous incidents happened 2 months later at Yale University. ๐Ÿ˜ฑ

Erika Christakis, a lecturer at Yale Child Study Care Center had written an email expressing concern over whether Yale administrators should be giving guidance to students about appropriate and inappropriate Halloween costumes. ๐Ÿ“ง

She believed administrators should let the students make their own decisions and let them talk among each other if they had disagreements. ๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธ

After all, they are adults over 18 years old. ๐Ÿ‘

โ€œ๐˜›๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ฌ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ค๐˜ฉ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณโ€, she noted in her email. โ€œ๐˜๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ด๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ฉ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ฃ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜บ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง๐˜ง๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ญ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ฌ๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ข ๐˜ง๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ด๐˜ฐ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ต๐˜บ.โ€ ๐Ÿ˜Š

This email sparked outrage from some Yale students who interpreted Erikaโ€™s words as meaning she supported racist Halloween costumes. โ—

Soon after, around 150 student protesters surrounded the courtyard of Christakisโ€™s home on campus, writing statements in chalk which included: โ€œ๐™’๐™š ๐™ ๐™ฃ๐™ค๐™ฌ ๐™ฌ๐™๐™š๐™ง๐™š ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช ๐™ก๐™ž๐™ซ๐™šโ€. ๐Ÿ˜ 

Erikaโ€™s husband Nicholas went out to the courtyard to try and reason with them. Students demanded he apologize and renounce his wifeโ€™s email. ๐Ÿคฌ

In a tense confrontation which lasted over 2 hours, Nicholas was accused of being โ€œracistโ€, โ€œoffensiveโ€, and โ€œcreating a space for violenceโ€. ๐Ÿคฌ

At a later point, one student even screamed in Nicholasโ€™s face:

โ€œ๐™„๐™ ๐™„๐™Ž ๐™‰๐™Š๐™ ๐˜ผ๐˜ฝ๐™Š๐™๐™ ๐˜พ๐™๐™€๐˜ผ๐™๐™„๐™‰๐™‚ ๐˜ผ๐™‰ ๐™„๐™‰๐™๐™€๐™‡๐™‡๐™€๐˜พ๐™๐™๐˜ผ๐™‡ ๐™Ž๐™‹๐˜ผ๐˜พ๐™€! ๐™„๐™ ๐™„๐™Ž ๐˜ผ๐˜ฝ๐™Š๐™๐™ ๐˜พ๐™๐™€๐˜ผ๐™๐™„๐™‰๐™‚ ๐˜ผ ๐™ƒ๐™Š๐™ˆ๐™€ ๐™ƒ๐™€๐™๐™€! ๐™”๐™Š๐™ ๐™Ž๐™ƒ๐™Š๐™๐™‡๐˜ฟ ๐™‰๐™Š๐™ ๐™Ž๐™‡๐™€๐™€๐™‹ ๐˜ผ๐™ ๐™‰๐™„๐™‚๐™ƒ๐™! ๐™”๐™Š๐™โ€™๐™๐™€ ๐˜ฟ๐™„๐™Ž๐™‚๐™๐™Ž๐™๐™„๐™‰๐™‚!โ€ ๐Ÿคฌ

(Excerpt footage of the Yale incident: https://bit.ly/2zBgrPg)

Similar incidents echoed in the coming years. ๐Ÿ“…

Another infamous incident happened at Evergreen State College. Every year the school took part in an Day of Absence tradition where minority students and faculty would voluntarily stay off campus to highlight their campus contributions. ๐Ÿ™Œ

But in 2017 the tradition was flipped. Administrators decided they would now ask white students and white faculty to voluntarily stay off campus to be educated on race issues. ๐Ÿ˜ฒ

Biology professor Bret Weinstein (who openly identifies as a progressive and left-leaning libertarian) emailed the campus expressing concern over the change. ๐Ÿ™‹โ€โ™‚๏ธ

Included in his email ๐Ÿ“ง:

โ€œ๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ข ๐˜ฉ๐˜ถ๐˜จ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฅ๐˜ช๐˜ง๐˜ง๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฃ๐˜ฆ๐˜ต๐˜ธ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ข ๐˜จ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฑ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฅ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ท๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜บ ๐˜ข๐˜ฃ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฎ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ง๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ ๐˜ข ๐˜ด๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ด๐˜ฑ๐˜ข๐˜ค๐˜ฆ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜จ๐˜ฉ๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜จ๐˜ฉ๐˜ต ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ช๐˜ณ ๐˜ท๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ฑ๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ๐˜ดโ€ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ข ๐˜จ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฑ ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜จ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฐ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜จ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฑ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜จ๐˜ฐ ๐˜ข๐˜ธ๐˜ข๐˜บ. โš–๏ธ

๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ง๐˜ช๐˜ณ๐˜ด๐˜ต ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ข ๐˜ง๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ๐˜ง๐˜ถ๐˜ญ ๐˜ค๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ญ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ด๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด, ๐˜ธ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ฉ ๐˜ช๐˜ด, ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ณ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ, ๐˜ค๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฑ๐˜ฑ๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜จ๐˜ช๐˜ค ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ. ๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ข ๐˜ด๐˜ฉ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ง๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ, ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ข๐˜ค๐˜ต ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ง. ๐Ÿ™Œ

๐˜–๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆโ€™๐˜ด ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜จ๐˜ฉ๐˜ต ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ด๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ฌ โ€“ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ฃ๐˜ฆ โ€“ ๐˜ฎ๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ต ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฃ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฃ๐˜ข๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ด๐˜ฌ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ.โ€ ๐Ÿ’ฏ

As with Yale, this email sparked outrage. About a month after his email, students surrounded Weinsteinโ€™s classroom entrance and berated him. As with Christakis, students demanded Weinstein denounce his views and lose his job. ๐Ÿคฌ

Campus police were called, but students barred them from reaching Weinstein so they had to call for backup. ๐Ÿš“

The same student protesters eventually marched to the administration building, surrounded the College Presidentโ€™s office, and provided him the same beratement. ๐Ÿคฌ

There was even a point where student protesters barricaded the main entrances to the administration building and refused to let President Bridges leave his office unless they escorted him. โ—

๐“๐ก๐ข๐ฌ ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ฅ๐ฎ๐๐ž๐ ๐ก๐ข๐ฆ ๐›๐ž๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ž๐ฌ๐œ๐จ๐ซ๐ญ๐ž๐ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐›๐š๐ญ๐ก๐ซ๐จ๐จ๐ฆ. โ—

(Excerpt footage of the Evergreen incident: https://bit.ly/2XZswqE)

For even more protest instances, I’ve provided Sources at the bottom of this post. โฌ‡๏ธ

So perhaps, you may have the same question I was also askingโ€ฆ ๐–๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ ๐จ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐จ๐ง?! ๐Ÿ˜…

What initially started out as a small article in The Atlantic was now having its initial concerns realized. ๐Ÿ™Œ

By September 2018, Haidt and Lukianoff had far more incidents and insights to report on, which ultimately was to become their full-length book: โ€œThe Coddling of the American Mind: How Good Intentions and Bad Ideas are Setting up a Generation for Failureโ€. ๐Ÿ“–

But before I get to the book, itโ€™s important we back up for just a momentโ€ฆโœ‹

First off, what is the purpose of a university? What is the aim (or ๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜ด) of a university? ๐Ÿค”

Most people I know would say it is to learn. To pursue truth. And yes, perhaps to also enjoy the frat parties! ๐Ÿ˜œ

But this idea is even shown on the crests of universities like Harvard (โ€œ๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ดโ€/truth) and Yale (โ€œ๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜น ๐˜ฆ๐˜ต ๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ดโ€/light and truth)! ๐Ÿ˜…

The point is: we go to a university to be enlightened, to be exposed to new ideas and viewpoints, to be among other students who may have different life experiences we can learn from. ๐Ÿ™Œ

๐“๐ก๐ž ๐œ๐จ๐ง๐œ๐ž๐ซ๐ง ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฎ๐ง๐ข๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ๐ข๐ญ๐ข๐ž๐ฌ ๐š๐ซ๐ž ๐Ÿ๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐š๐ฐ๐š๐ฒ ๐Ÿ๐ซ๐จ๐ฆ ๐š ๐’•๐’†๐’๐’๐’” ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ซ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ก ๐ข๐ง ๐Ÿ๐š๐ฏ๐จ๐ซ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐œ๐š๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ญ๐จ ๐š ๐’•๐’†๐’๐’๐’” ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ฌ๐จ๐œ๐ข๐š๐ฅ ๐ฃ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐œ๐ž ๐›๐ฒ ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ฎ๐๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ฌ. ๐Ÿ™Œ

Let me emphasize: ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ๐žโ€™๐ฌ ๐ง๐จ๐ญ๐ก๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ข๐ง๐ญ๐ซ๐ข๐ง๐ฌ๐ข๐œ๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ฒ ๐ฐ๐ซ๐จ๐ง๐  ๐ฐ๐ข๐ญ๐ก ๐ฌ๐จ๐œ๐ข๐š๐ฅ ๐ฃ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐œ๐ž. But when it becomes a substitute for truth and knowledge, it sets a dangerous precedent on the very purpose of what attending a university is all about. ๐Ÿซ

In the book, Haidt and Lukianoff go into greater depth on what they see being taught on some college campuses.

The key word here I want to emphasize is โ€œ๐ฌ๐จ๐ฆ๐žโ€. The initial criticism directed at their article about overgeneralizing every college in fact turned out to be correct. ๐Ÿ˜…

So, for those who are concerned these incidents are reflective of every US college campus, you can be assured they are not! ๐Ÿ˜…

๐Ÿ‘‰ ๐“๐ก๐ž๐ฌ๐ž ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ข๐๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ฌ, ๐ฐ๐ก๐ข๐ฅ๐ž ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ข๐ง ๐ง๐ฎ๐ฆ๐›๐ž๐ซ, ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ž ๐ฆ๐จ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ฅ๐ฒ ๐›๐ž๐ž๐ง ๐ข๐ฌ๐จ๐ฅ๐š๐ญ๐ž๐ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ž๐ฅ๐ข๐ญ๐ž ๐ฅ๐ข๐›๐ž๐ซ๐š๐ฅ ๐š๐ซ๐ญ๐ฌ ๐œ๐จ๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ž๐ ๐ž๐ฌ. ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐ข๐ซ๐จ๐ง๐ฒ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฆ๐จ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ฌ๐ž ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ข๐๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ฌ ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ž ๐š๐ฅ๐ฌ๐จ ๐ก๐š๐ฉ๐ฉ๐ž๐ง๐ž๐ ๐š๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฆ๐จ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐ฉ๐ซ๐จ๐ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž ๐ฌ๐œ๐ก๐จ๐จ๐ฅ๐ฌ ๐ข๐ง ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐œ๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ๐ซ๐ฒ. ๐Ÿ‘ˆ

In the book, Haidt and Lukianoff talk about what’s being taught at them in what they call the Three Great Untruths.

๐Ÿ™Œ ๐†๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ญ ๐”๐ง๐ญ๐ซ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ก ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐…๐ซ๐š๐ ๐ข๐ฅ๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ: ๐–๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐๐จ๐ž๐ฌ๐งโ€™๐ญ ๐ค๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ ๐ฒ๐จ๐ฎ ๐ฆ๐š๐ค๐ž๐ฌ ๐ฒ๐จ๐ฎ ๐ฐ๐ž๐š๐ค๐ž๐ซ.

๐˜—๐˜ด๐˜บ๐˜ค๐˜ฉ๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜จ๐˜บ ๐˜—๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฑ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ ๐˜๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ: ๐˜—๐˜ฆ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฑ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ โ€˜๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ง๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜จ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ฆโ€™; ๐˜ธ๐˜ฆ ๐˜จ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ ๐˜ง๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ฌ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ฎ๐˜ช๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ฌ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ง๐˜ข๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด.

๐Ÿ™Œ ๐†๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ญ ๐”๐ง๐ญ๐ซ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ก ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐„๐ฆ๐จ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐š๐ฅ ๐‘๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐จ๐ง๐ข๐ง๐ : ๐€๐ฅ๐ฐ๐š๐ฒ๐ฌ ๐ญ๐ซ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐ฒ๐จ๐ฎ๐ซ ๐Ÿ๐ž๐ž๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐ ๐ฌ.

๐˜—๐˜ด๐˜บ๐˜ค๐˜ฉ๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜จ๐˜บ ๐˜—๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฑ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ ๐˜๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ: ๐˜ž๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ญ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ด๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ง๐˜ช๐˜ณ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฃ๐˜ช๐˜ข๐˜ด.

๐Ÿ™Œ ๐†๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ญ ๐”๐ง๐ญ๐ซ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ก ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐”๐ฌ ๐•๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ฌ ๐“๐ก๐ž๐ฆ: ๐‹๐ข๐Ÿ๐ž ๐ข๐ฌ ๐š ๐›๐š๐ญ๐ญ๐ฅ๐ž ๐›๐ž๐ญ๐ฐ๐ž๐ž๐ง ๐ ๐จ๐จ๐ ๐ฉ๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ž๐ฏ๐ข๐ฅ ๐ฉ๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž.

๐˜—๐˜ด๐˜บ๐˜ค๐˜ฉ๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜จ๐˜บ ๐˜—๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฑ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ ๐˜๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ: ๐˜ž๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ญ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฃ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ด๐˜ฎ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฅ๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ฉ๐˜ฐ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ด (๐˜ฃ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ค๐˜ฌ-๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ-๐˜ธ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ฆ) ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฌ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ.

Now of course, the authors are NOT saying these Great Untruths are LITERALLY being taught, but that they are taught IMPLICITLY. ๐Ÿ™Œ

Another big problem they mention is whatโ€™s known as โ€œconcept creepโ€, where the definition of words have grossly expanded in meaning over time in academia. ๐Ÿ“š

๐Ÿ“ The idea of what constitutes โ€œracismโ€ has expanded from individual acts to now include an all-encompassing society (e.g. systemic racism, racial essentialism).

๐Ÿ“ The idea of what constitutes โ€œtraumaโ€ has expanded from severe reactions to events like war to now normal aspects of life (e.g. divorce, bereavement, mean text messages).

๐Ÿ“ The idea of what constitutes โ€œsafetyโ€ has expanded from physical safety to now include โ€œemotional safetyโ€ (e.g protection from criticisms you disagree with).

In other words: if you see 2 people fighting over what is or isnโ€™t โ€œviolenceโ€, thereโ€™s a great possibility they may be using 2 separate definitions of the word! ๐Ÿ˜…

The dictionary definition of โ€œviolenceโ€ is NOT the same definition being used in some academic circles, where speech has also come to be equated with “violence”. ๐Ÿ˜ฒ

As one UC Berkeley alum wrote in an Op-Ed โœ๏ธ:

โ€œAsking people to maintain peaceful dialogue with those who legitimately do not think their lives matter is a ๐ฏ๐ข๐จ๐ฅ๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐š๐œ๐ญ.โ€ ๐Ÿคฌ

๐Ÿ˜ฉ โ€œBUT DONALD! NONE OF WHAT YOU’RE SAYING TELLS ME WHY THIS IS HAPPENING!โ€ ๐Ÿ˜ฉ

Great point! That’s what I’m going to talk about right now! ๐Ÿ˜Š

According to Haidt and Lukianoff, they propose the following reasons why they believe these things are happening. โฌ‡๏ธ

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐€๐ง ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ž ๐ข๐ง ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฅ๐ข๐ญ๐ข๐œ๐š๐ฅ ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฅ๐š๐ซ๐ข๐ณ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง.

– Because of the political climate, liberal colleges have shifted even further to the Left, thus tribalism is quick to ostracize differing viewpoints out of fear and group loyalty.

– This in turn has created distrust and hostility among those further to the Right, who now see colleges as lacking political diversity (in some places the ratio of Liberal to Conservative professors is 17 to 1), which in turn encourages their racial provocations towards the Left (e.g. “social justice warriors”, “snowflake generation”).

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐ˆ๐ง๐œ๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ž๐ ๐ซ๐š๐ญ๐ž๐ฌ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ƒ๐ž๐ฉ๐ซ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐š๐ง๐ ๐€๐ง๐ฑ๐ข๐ž๐ญ๐ฒ ๐š๐ฆ๐จ๐ง๐  ๐†๐ž๐ง ๐™ (๐›๐จ๐ซ๐ง ๐š๐Ÿ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ”).

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐๐š๐ซ๐š๐ง๐จ๐ข๐/๐ก๐ž๐ฅ๐ข๐œ๐จ๐ฉ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ ๐ฉ๐š๐ซ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐ .

– The paradox is children are safer today in the US more than any other time in history, yet at the same time they are also the most overprotected.

– Overprotection causes children to mature at much older ages. The emotional maturity of an 18 year old today is more equivalent to a 16 year old of the previous generation.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐ƒ๐ž๐œ๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐ž ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿ๐ซ๐ž๐ž ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐š๐ฒ.

– Parents driven by unrealistic fears of strangers and kidnappings (which are extremely rare in comparison to the 70’s and 80’s when it was a problem).

– Overuse of smartphones and social media.

– A rising competitiveness for parents to get their kids into top universities.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐‚๐จ๐ซ๐ฉ๐จ๐ซ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐ณ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐œ๐จ๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ž๐ ๐ž๐ฌ.

– Students are treated like customers, so thereโ€™s a financial incentive for colleges to continue giving into student’s demands.

– Market pressures to compete with other universities for future students.

– Bureaucratic means of resolving studentโ€™s problems may encourage students to become overly dependent on schools to solve their problems.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐๐ฎ๐ž๐ฌ๐ญ ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ ๐‰๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐œ๐ž.

– Thereโ€™s an ongoing desire for social justice activism.

– Social justice movements can be used to remove barriers to equality of opportunity. But when social justice efforts aim to include fighting for equality of outcome, it’s aiming for an goal which cannot be reached without also violating equal opportunity.

– Correlation does not equal causation. When there is a correlation of an identity group membership with an outcome gap, it does not automatically mean it is evidence of discrimination. Sometimes it is, sometimes it isnโ€™t.

If individuals cannot raise alternative possible causes without also being shouted down, collectively we will not arrive at the most accurate understanding of a problem.

.

๐Ÿค” “SO, IF THESE ARE THE PROBLEMS, WHAT ARE THE SOLUTIONS???” ๐Ÿค”

๐…๐Ž๐‘ ๐๐€๐‘๐„๐๐“๐’:

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐๐ซ๐ž๐ฉ๐š๐ซ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐‚๐ก๐ข๐ฅ๐ ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐‘๐จ๐š๐, ๐๐จ๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐‘๐จ๐š๐ ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐‚๐ก๐ข๐ฅ๐.

– Assume your kids are more capable this month than they were last month.

– Let your kids take more small risks.

– Encourage your child to walk or ride bicycles to and from school at the earliest ages possible.

– Send your children to an overnight summer camp in the woods for a few weeks โ€“ without devices.

– Encourage your children to engage in A LOT of โ€œproductive disagreementโ€.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐˜๐จ๐ฎ๐ซ ๐–๐จ๐ซ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐„๐ง๐ž๐ฆ๐ฒ ๐‚๐š๐ง๐ง๐จ๐ญ ๐‡๐š๐ซ๐ฆ ๐˜๐จ๐ฎ ๐š๐ฌ ๐Œ๐ฎ๐œ๐ก ๐š๐ฌ ๐˜๐จ๐ฎ๐ซ ๐Ž๐ฐ๐ง ๐“๐ก๐จ๐ฎ๐ ๐ก๐ญ๐ฌ, ๐”๐ง๐ ๐ฎ๐š๐ซ๐๐ž๐.

– Teach children the basics of CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy).

– Teach children mindfulness.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐‹๐ข๐ง๐ž ๐ƒ๐ข๐ฏ๐ข๐๐ข๐ง๐  ๐†๐จ๐จ๐ ๐š๐ง๐ ๐„๐ฏ๐ข๐ฅ ๐‚๐ฎ๐ญ๐ฌ ๐“๐ก๐ซ๐จ๐ฎ๐ ๐ก ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐‡๐ž๐š๐ซ๐ญ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐„๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐‡๐ฎ๐ฆ๐š๐ง ๐๐ž๐ข๐ง๐ .

– Give people the benefit of the doubt.

– Practice the virtue of โ€œintellectual humilityโ€. Intellectual humility is the recognition that our reasoning is so flawed, so prone to bias, that we can rarely be certain that we are right.

– Look very carefully at how your school handles identity politics.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐‡๐ž๐ฅ๐ฉ ๐’๐œ๐ก๐จ๐จ๐ฅ๐ฌ ๐ญ๐จ ๐Ž๐ฉ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฌ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐†๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ญ ๐”๐ง๐ญ๐ซ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ก๐ฌ.

– Give more recess with less supervision.

– Discourage the use of the word โ€œsafeโ€ or โ€œsafetyโ€ for anything other than physical safety.

– Have a โ€œno devicesโ€ policy.

– Cultivate the intellectual virtues (e.g. curiosity, open-mindedness, intellectual humility)

– Teach debate and offer debate club.

– Assign reading and coursework that promote reasoned discussion.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐‹๐ข๐ฆ๐ข๐ญ ๐š๐ง๐ ๐‘๐ž๐Ÿ๐ข๐ง๐ž ๐ƒ๐ž๐ฏ๐ข๐œ๐ž ๐“๐ข๐ฆ๐ž.

– Place clear limits on device time.

– Protect your childโ€™s sleep.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐’๐ฎ๐ฉ๐ฉ๐จ๐ซ๐ญ ๐š ๐๐ž๐ฐ ๐๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐š๐ฅ ๐๐จ๐ซ๐ฆ: ๐’๐ž๐ซ๐ฏ๐ข๐œ๐ž ๐จ๐ซ ๐–๐จ๐ซ๐ค ๐๐ž๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ๐ž ๐‚๐จ๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ž๐ ๐ž.

– Take a โ€œgap yearโ€.

– Encourage volunteer work.

.

๐…๐Ž๐‘ ๐”๐๐ˆ๐•๐„๐‘๐’๐ˆ๐“๐ˆ๐„๐’:

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐„๐ง๐ญ๐ฐ๐ข๐ง๐ž ๐˜๐จ๐ฎ๐ซ ๐ˆ๐๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ ๐ฐ๐ข๐ญ๐ก ๐…๐ซ๐ž๐ž๐๐จ๐ฆ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ˆ๐ง๐ช๐ฎ๐ข๐ซ๐ฒ.

– Endorse the Chicago Statement (https://bit.ly/3e7Ohu0).

– Establish a practice of not responding to public outrage.

– Do not allow the โ€œhecklerโ€™s vetoโ€.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐๐ข๐œ๐ค ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐๐ž๐ฌ๐ญ ๐Œ๐ข๐ฑ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐Œ๐ข๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ข๐จ๐ง.

– Admit more students who are older and can show evidence of their ability to live independently.

– Admit more students who have attended schools that teach the โ€œintellectual virtuesโ€.

– Include viewpoint diversity in diversity polices.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐Ž๐ซ๐ข๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐š๐ง๐ ๐„๐๐ฎ๐œ๐š๐ญ๐ž ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ ๐๐ซ๐จ๐๐ฎ๐œ๐ญ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž ๐ƒ๐ข๐ฌ๐š๐ ๐ซ๐ž๐ž๐ฆ๐ž๐ง๐ญ.

– Explicitly reject the Untruth of Fragility: What doesnโ€™t kill you makes you weaker.

– Explicitly reject the Untruth of Emotional Reason: Always trust your feelings.

– Explicitly reject the Untruth of Us Versus Them: Life is a battle between good people and evil people.

๐Ÿ“Œ ๐ƒ๐ซ๐š๐ฐ ๐š ๐‹๐š๐ซ๐ ๐ž๐ซ ๐‚๐ข๐ซ๐œ๐ฅ๐ž ๐€๐ซ๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐‚๐จ๐ฆ๐ฆ๐ฎ๐ง๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ – โ€œ๐–๐ก๐ž๐ง ๐ฆ๐ฒ ๐›๐ซ๐จ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ ๐ญ๐ซ๐ฒ ๐ญ๐จ ๐๐ซ๐š๐ฐ ๐š ๐œ๐ข๐ซ๐œ๐ฅ๐ž ๐ญ๐จ ๐ž๐ฑ๐œ๐ฅ๐ฎ๐๐ž ๐ฆ๐ž, ๐ˆ ๐ฌ๐ก๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ ๐๐ซ๐š๐ฐ ๐š ๐ฅ๐š๐ซ๐ ๐ž๐ซ ๐œ๐ข๐ซ๐œ๐ฅ๐ž ๐ญ๐จ ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ฅ๐ฎ๐๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ฆ.โ€

– Foster school spirit.

– Protect physical safety.

– Host civil, cross-partisan events for students.

.

While reading all this can be overwhelming and sound like an uphill battle, Haidt and Lukianoff do conclude the book with hope. There are countertrends currently happening! ๐Ÿ˜ƒ

๐Ÿ‘ Recent studies are showing the ineffectiveness of trigger warnings. They also show that trigger warnings may even worsen a personโ€™s feelings of anxiety (https://bit.ly/2YxhzMk).

๐Ÿ‘ There are increasing discussions over the negative effects technology is having on kids, especially social media. Organizations like the Center for Humane Technology are aiming to reform the tech industry so products are healthier and less addictive.

๐Ÿ‘ More states are passing laws to allow โ€œfree-range parentingโ€ so a parent cannot be arrested for allowing their child to play without supervision.

๐Ÿ‘ More writers like Timur Kuran, Amy Chua, and Jonathan Rauch are calling for a rethinking on identity politics and how both the far-Left and far-Right are feeding off them.

Even the Dalai Lama tweeted his own statement:

โ€œ๐ˆโ€™๐ฆ ๐“๐ข๐›๐ž๐ญ๐š๐ง, ๐ˆโ€™๐ฆ ๐๐ฎ๐๐๐ก๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ, ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ˆโ€™๐ฆ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ƒ๐š๐ฅ๐š๐ข ๐‹๐š๐ฆ๐š, ๐›๐ฎ๐ญ ๐ข๐Ÿ ๐ˆ ๐ž๐ฆ๐ฉ๐ก๐š๐ฌ๐ข๐ณ๐ž ๐ฆ๐ฒ ๐๐ข๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ž๐ซ๐ž๐ง๐œ๐ž๐ฌ ๐ข๐ญ ๐ฌ๐ž๐ญ๐ฌ ๐ฆ๐ž ๐š๐ฉ๐š๐ซ๐ญ ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ซ๐š๐ข๐ฌ๐ž๐ฌ ๐›๐š๐ซ๐ซ๐ข๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ ๐ฐ๐ข๐ญ๐ก ๐จ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ ๐ฉ๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž. ๐–๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ฐ๐ž ๐ง๐ž๐ž๐ ๐ญ๐จ ๐๐จ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฉ๐š๐ฒ ๐ฆ๐จ๐ซ๐ž ๐š๐ญ๐ญ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐ญ๐จ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฐ๐š๐ฒ๐ฌ ๐ข๐ง ๐ฐ๐ก๐ข๐œ๐ก ๐ฐ๐ž ๐š๐ซ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฌ๐š๐ฆ๐ž ๐š๐ฌ ๐จ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ ๐ฉ๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž.”

๐Ÿ‘ More universities are starting to emphasize truth as their ๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜ด and adopting the Chicago Statement on Principles of Free Expression (https://bit.ly/3e7Ohu0)

๐Ÿ‘ Author Jonathan Haidt himself has created Heterodox Academy, which includes thousands of professors, administrators, and students who are dedicated to promoting open inquiry, viewpoint diversity, and constructive disagreement in higher education.

Since the bookโ€™s publication, Haidt has continued to speak at various universities about these issues, and “Coddling” has won numerous awards for its ideas. Lukianoff is the President at the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE), addressing student rights violations on college campuses (freedom of speech, due process, religious liberty, etc). ๐Ÿ†

Of course, my summary doesnโ€™t do the book justice. If any of this peaks your interest, Iโ€™d recommend picking up a copy of the book. Itโ€™s only 5 dollars on Amazon Kindle! ๐Ÿ˜ฒ

๐๐”๐“ ๐–๐‡๐€๐“ ๐ƒ๐Ž ๐˜๐Ž๐” ๐€๐‹๐‹ ๐“๐‡๐ˆ๐๐Š? ๐ˆ’๐ƒ ๐‹๐Ž๐•๐„ ๐“๐Ž ๐‡๐„๐€๐‘ ๐˜๐Ž๐”๐‘ ๐“๐‡๐Ž๐”๐†๐‡๐“๐’! โค๏ธ

.

.

๐๐‘๐ˆ๐Œ๐€๐‘๐˜ ๐’๐Ž๐”๐‘๐‚๐„๐’:

๐Ÿ“„ The Coddling of the American Mind (Article): https://bit.ly/3huxlQr

๐Ÿ“„ Readers Respond to Coddling (Article): https://bit.ly/3fpfsRl

๐Ÿ“– The Coddling of the American Mind (Book): https://amzn.to/2zvV0yT

๐Ÿ“– The Rise of Victimhood Culture (Book): https://amzn.to/37BH7M5

๐Ÿ“„ What is Concept Creep? (Article): https://bit.ly/2YQRqZ5

๐Ÿ“„ The Free Speech Crisis on Campus is Worse Than People Think (Article): https://bit.ly/37xX7ii

๐Ÿ“„ Free Speech For Me, But Not For Thee (Article): https://bit.ly/2Y46S4O

๐Ÿ–ฅ๏ธ Disinvitation Attempts of College Speakers (Database): https://bit.ly/2UGYJAY

๐Ÿ“„ Chicago Statement on Principles of Free Expression (PDF): https://bit.ly/3e7Ohu0

.

๐’๐๐„๐„๐‚๐‡ ๐’๐Ž๐”๐‘๐‚๐„๐’:

๐Ÿ“ผ Jonathan Haidt Speech About โ€œCoddlingโ€ at UCCS (Video, 2019): https://bit.ly/2AAhm2Q

.

๐๐‘๐Ž๐“๐„๐’๐“ ๐•๐ˆ๐ƒ๐„๐Ž๐’:

๐Ÿ“ผ Yale University – Halloween Email Protest (Video, 2015): https://bit.ly/2zBgrPg

๐Ÿ“ผ McMaster University – Jordan Peterson Protest (Video, 2017): https://bit.ly/2UFfNHG

๐Ÿ“ผ Villanova University – Charles Murray Protest (Video, 2017): https://bit.ly/2N20epq

๐Ÿ“ผ Evergreen State College โ€“ Day of Absence Protests (Video, 2017): https://bit.ly/2XZswqE

๐Ÿ“ผ UC Berkeley โ€“ Milo Yiannopoulos Riot (Video, 2017): https://bit.ly/3hsQHWl

๐Ÿ“ผ UC Berkeley โ€“ Ben Shapiro Protest (Video, 2017): https://bit.ly/2B6M0Rk

๐Ÿ“ผ Oberlin College – Gibsonโ€™s Bakery Protest (Video, 2019): https://bit.ly/2UIYnd4

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๐—จ๐—ฃ๐——๐—”๐—ง๐—˜ ๐—ฆ๐—ข๐—จ๐—ฅ๐—–๐—˜๐—ฆ:

๐Ÿ“„ Coddling Book Update 1 โ€“ Introduction (Article, 2020): https://bit.ly/37wLKqI

๐Ÿ“„ Coddling Book Update 2 โ€“ Trigger Warnings, Social Media Use (Article, 2020): https://bit.ly/3d2BUyj

๐Ÿ“„ Association for Psychological Science – Trigger Warnings Fail to Help and May Even Harm (Article 2020): https://bit.ly/2YxhzMk

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